- 1 What is needed for restriction digestion?
- 2 How do you calculate digestion restrictions?
- 3 How much DNA must be added to make a 20ul solution with a DNA concentration of 1ug ul If you have 2ug ul DNA stock solution?
- 4 What types of DNA do restriction enzymes digest?
- 5 How long should a restriction digest take?
- 6 How long can you leave a restriction digest?
- 7 How do I count the number of restrictions sites?
- 8 How do you know if a site is restrictions?
- 9 What is star activity in restriction digestion?
- 10 Is 1ug equal to 1ul?
- 11 What is a dilution factor of 2?
- 12 What are the three types of restriction enzymes?
- 13 What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 restriction enzymes?
- 14 Why do we use 2 restriction enzymes?
What is needed for restriction digestion?
The components of a typical restriction digestion reaction include the DNA template, the restriction enzyme of choice, a buffer and sometimes BSA protein. The reaction is incubated at a specific temperature required for optimal activity of the restriction enzyme and terminated by heat.
How do you calculate digestion restrictions?
Calculate the amount of each that you need to add to a restriction digestion in order digest 5ug ( 5000ng ) of DNA with 5 units of enzyme. For example if my DNA is at 190 ng/ul, I would need: 5000ng/190ng/ul = 26 ul of my sample.
How much DNA must be added to make a 20ul solution with a DNA concentration of 1ug ul If you have 2ug ul DNA stock solution?
For a total volume of 20ul you would use 2ul 10x buffer. If you want to digest 1 ul of DNA with a concentration of 5ug/ul, you should make a 1:10 dilution of your DNA and then use 2ul of your 500ng/ul DNA.
What types of DNA do restriction enzymes digest?
Genomic DNA, regardless of the source, is typically digested with restriction enzymes that recognize 6-8 consecutive bases, as these recognition sites occur less frequently in the genome than 4-base sites, and result in larger DNA fragments.
How long should a restriction digest take?
*Pro-Tip* Depending on the application and the amount of DNA in the reaction, incubation time can range from 45 mins to overnight. For diagnostic digests, 1-2 hours is often sufficient. For digests with >1 µg of DNA used for cloning, it is recommended that you digest for at least 4 hours.
How long can you leave a restriction digest?
Time-Saver qualified enzymes can cut substrate DNA in 5-15 minutes and safely digest overnight. For enzymes that are not Time-Saver Qualified, the recommended incubation time is 1 hr. In general, long incubations (several hours to overnight) are not recommended, unless digesting some gDNAs.
How do I count the number of restrictions sites?
First, work out the frequency of occurrence of the restriction site as 1-in-x bases, as explained in the example for the Intermediate level calculation. Then take the size of the DNA in kb (kilobases) and multiply by 1000 to get the size in bases. Divide this by x and round to the nearest whole number.
How do you know if a site is restrictions?
The option Find Restriction Sites from the “Tools”→“Cloning” menu or the context menu allows you to find and annotate restriction sites on a nucleotide sequence.
What is star activity in restriction digestion?
It has been demonstrated that under extreme non-standard conditions, restriction endonucleases are capable of cleaving sequences which are similar but not identical to their defined recognition sequence. This altered or relaxed specificity has been termed “”star”” activity.
Is 1ug equal to 1ul?
The answer is 0.001. We assume you are converting between microliter and microgram [water]. You can view more details on each measurement unit: microliter or microgram [water] The SI derived unit for volume is the cubic meter. 1 cubic meter is equal to 1000000000 microliter, or 1000000000000 microgram [water].
What is a dilution factor of 2?
As another example, a 2-fold dilution is the same as a dilution factor of 2. Dilution Factor is the factor by which the stock solution is diluted. It may be expressed as the ratio of the volume of the final diluted solution (V2) to the initial volume removed from the stock solution (V1), as shown in the equation above.
What are the three types of restriction enzymes?
Types of Restriction Enzymes These are complex, multi-subunit restriction and modification enzymes.
What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 restriction enzymes?
Type I restriction enzyme possesses a cleaving site which is away from the recognition site. Type II restriction enzymes cleave within the recognition site itself or at a closer distance to it. This is the key difference between Type I and Type II restriction enzyme.
Why do we use 2 restriction enzymes?
Digestion of vector DNA using (preferably) two restriction enzymes. This reduces the background of non-recombinants due to self-ligation of the vector (especially when a single site was used for cloning).