- 1 Which organ of the GI absorbs water and ions?
- 2 What does the GI use to counteract the hydrophobic nature of lipids and increase their surface area to aid digestion?
- 3 What is digestive secretion?
- 4 What digestive organ produces the majority of the digestive enzymes?
- 5 What are the 14 parts of the digestive system?
- 6 Where is most water reabsorbed in the digestive system?
- 7 Is bile alkaline or acidic?
- 8 Which body part connects the mouth to the stomach?
- 9 Which organ contains villi?
- 10 What are the 3 major digestive secretions?
- 11 What are the 5 digestive secretions?
- 12 What are the three secretions of the stomach?
- 13 What is the best maintains intestinal health?
- 14 What gland controls digestion?
- 15 Where does the majority of digestion happen?
Which organ of the GI absorbs water and ions?
Small intestine. The walls of the small intestine absorb water and the digested nutrients into your bloodstream. As peristalsis continues, the waste products of the digestive process move into the large intestine.
What does the GI use to counteract the hydrophobic nature of lipids and increase their surface area to aid digestion?
The villi increase surface area and enhance digestion and absorption of nutrients.
What is digestive secretion?
In chemical digestion, starting in the mouth, digestive secretions break down complex food molecules into their chemical building blocks (for example, proteins into separate amino acids). These secretions vary in composition, but typically contain water, various enzymes, acids, and salts.
What digestive organ produces the majority of the digestive enzymes?
One of the major sources of digestive secretion is the pancreas, a large gland that produces both digestive enzymes and hormones.
What are the 14 parts of the digestive system?
The main organs that make up the digestive system (in order of their function) are the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus. Helping them along the way are the pancreas, gall bladder and liver. Here’s how these organs work together in your digestive system.
Where is most water reabsorbed in the digestive system?
Absorption of ingested water and most solutes occurs in the proximal small intestine, therefore the rate at which beverages are emptied from the stomach is an important factor in determining the rate of water absorption.
Is bile alkaline or acidic?
Bile is not acid. It’s an alkaline fluid consisting of bile salts, bile pigments, cholesterol and lecithin. It is produced by the liver, stored in the gallbladder and released intermittently into the duodenum, the upper part of the small intestine, when needed to digest fat.
Which body part connects the mouth to the stomach?
Esophagus: The esophagus is a muscular tube that connects the pharynx (throat) to the stomach.
Which organ contains villi?
The inner wall of the small intestine is covered by numerous folds of mucous membrane called plicae circulares. The surface of these folds contains tiny projections called villi and microvilli, which further increase the total area for absorption.
What are the 3 major digestive secretions?
Secretion. In the course of a day, the digestive system secretes around 7 liters of fluids. These fluids include saliva, mucus, hydrochloric acid, enzymes, and bile. Saliva moistens dry food and contains salivary amylase, a digestive enzyme that begins the digestion of carbohydrates.
What are the 5 digestive secretions?
The five major organs that secrete digestive juices are the salivary glands, stomach, pancreas, liver and small intestine.
What are the three secretions of the stomach?
The stomach secretes water, electrolytes, hydrochloric acid, and glycoproteins, including mucin, intrinsic factor, and enzymes (Fig. 24.3). Gastric motility and secretion are regulated by neural and humoral mechanisms.
What is the best maintains intestinal health?
5. Which of these best maintains intestinal health? You didn’t answer this question. Based on the age and gender of a person, the Institute of Medicine recommends 21 to 38 grams of fiber daily, with at least 3 servings of whole-grain foods.
What gland controls digestion?
Neural Responses to Food The salivary glands secrete more saliva in response to the stimulus presented by food in preparation for digestion. Simultaneously, the stomach begins to produce hydrochloric acid to digest the food.
Where does the majority of digestion happen?
The majority of chemical digestion occurs in the small intestine. Digested chyme from the stomach passes through the pylorus and into the duodenum.