FAQ: When The Wall Of The Stomach Cannot Protect The Organ From The Effects Of Digestion, The Result Is?

What does the walls of the stomach absorb during digestion?

During food absorption, food molecules enter the bloodstream through the intestinal walls. Capillaries (microscopic blood vessels) within the villi absorb products of protein and carbohydrate digestion. Lymph vessels (lacteals) within the villi absorb products of fat digestion and eventually lead to the bloodstream.

Which of the following correctly list the order of parts of the human digestive system from first to last contact with food matter?

Food passes through the digestive system in the following order:

  • Mouth.
  • Esophagus.
  • Stomach.
  • The small intestine.
  • Colon (large intestine)
  • Rectum.

How does the stomach protect itself from acid?

In the stomach several mucosal defence mechanisms protect the stomach against hydrochloric acid and noxious agents. The pre-epithelial protection is made up by the mucus-bicarbonate barrier. Mucus and bicarbonate, secreted by mucus cells, create a pH gradient maintaining the epithelial cell surface at near neutral pH.

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What effect does the stomach have on the digestive process?

Stomach. The stomach is a hollow organ, or “container,” that holds food while it is being mixed with stomach enzymes. These enzymes continue the process of breaking down food into a usable form. Cells in the lining of the stomach secrete a strong acid and powerful enzymes that are responsible for the breakdown process.

What is the best maintains intestinal health?

5. Which of these best maintains intestinal health? You didn’t answer this question. Based on the age and gender of a person, the Institute of Medicine recommends 21 to 38 grams of fiber daily, with at least 3 servings of whole-grain foods.

What are the 4 stages of digestion?

There are four steps in the digestion process: ingestion, the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food, nutrient absorption, and elimination of indigestible food.

What are the 10 steps of the digestive system in order?

The digestive processes are ingestion, propulsion, mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, absorption, and defecation. Some chemical digestion occurs in the mouth.

How does the human digestive system work step by step?

Your digestive system, from beginning … to end

  1. Step 1: Mouth. To more easily absorb different foods, your saliva helps break down what you’re eating and turn it into chemicals called enzymes.
  2. Step 2: Esophagus.
  3. Step 3: Stomach.
  4. Step 4: Small Intestine.
  5. Step 5: Large Intestine, Colon, Rectum and Anus.

What are the 2 types of digestion?

Digestion is a form of catabolism or breaking down of substances that involves two separate processes: mechanical digestion and chemical digestion. Mechanical digestion involves physically breaking down food substances into smaller particles to more efficiently undergo chemical digestion.

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Can your stomach digest itself without mucus?

THE STOMACH does not digest itself because it is lined with epithial cells, which produce mucus. This forms a barrier between the lining of the stomach and the contents. Enzymes, which make up part of the digestive juices are also secreted by the stomach wall, from glands with no mucus barrier.

Can stomach acid eat your stomach?

Peptic ulcers: Peptic ulcers are sores that can develop when gastric acid begins to eat away at the lining of your stomach. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD): GERD is a condition in which stomach acid backs up into your esophagus.

Can Stomach acid dissolve your stomach?

Your stomach’s primary digestive juice, hydrochloric acid, can dissolve metal, but plastic toys that go down the hatch will come out the other end as good as new. (A choking hazard is still a choking hazard, though.)

Why the food is not digested in the stomach?

A damaged vagus nerve can’t send signals normally to your stomach muscles. This may cause food to remain in your stomach longer, rather than move into your small intestine to be digested. The vagus nerve and its branches can be damaged by diseases, such as diabetes, or by surgery to the stomach or small intestine.

Why digestive system is important?

Why is digestion important? Digestion is important for breaking down food into nutrients, which the body uses for energy, growth, and cell repair. Food and drink must be changed into smaller molecules of nutrients before the blood absorbs them and carries them to cells throughout the body.

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What role does saliva play in digestion?

Saliva contains special enzymes that help digest the starches in your food. An enzyme called amylase breaks down starches (complex carbohydrates) into sugars, which your body can more easily absorb. Saliva also contains an enzyme called lingual lipase, which breaks down fats.

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