- 1 What is the difference between metabolism and digestion?
- 2 Which organ is involved in secretion mechanical breakdown digestion and absorption?
- 3 Which of the following illustrates a difference between a sphincter and circular muscle?
- 4 Which of the following processes is the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food?
- 5 How can I speed up my metabolism and digestion?
- 6 How does digestion affect metabolism?
- 7 What are the 14 parts of the digestive system?
- 8 What are the 5 steps of digestion?
- 9 Which part of the body does digestion start in?
- 10 What is peristaltic waves?
- 11 What is a major function of pancreatic juice?
- 12 Which is not a function of CCK?
- 13 What are the 10 steps of the digestive system in order?
- 14 What’s the process of absorption?
- 15 What are the 2 types of digestion?
What is the difference between metabolism and digestion?
To start, some definitions: Digestion refers to how the body processes food in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and eliminates food waste via the intestines. Metabolism refers to how the cells utilize the energy we have absorbed from food during digestion.
Which organ is involved in secretion mechanical breakdown digestion and absorption?
In the stomach, food undergoes chemical and mechanical digestion. Here, peristaltic contractions (mechanical digestion) churn the bolus, which mixes with strong digestive juices that the stomach lining cells secrete (chemical digestion).
Which of the following illustrates a difference between a sphincter and circular muscle?
Select the description below that illustrates a difference between a sphincter and circular muscle. A sphincter is a thickening of circular muscle that can prevent the movement of digesting materials while circular muscle is involved in propulsion digesting material.
Which of the following processes is the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food?
Digestion is the mechanical and chemical break down of food into small organic fragments. Mechanical digestion refers to the physical breakdown of large pieces of food into smaller pieces which can subsequently be accessed by digestive enzymes.
How can I speed up my metabolism and digestion?
If your transit time is a concern, there are some steps you can take to speed things up.
- Exercise for 30 minutes a day. Food and digested material is moved through the body by a series of muscle contractions.
- Eat more fiber.
- Eat yogurt.
- Eat less meat.
- Drink more water.
How does digestion affect metabolism?
Your metabolism increases whenever you eat, digest, and store food, a process called thermic effect of food. Protein has a higher thermic effect compared with fats and carbohydrates because it takes longer for your body to burn protein and absorb it.
What are the 14 parts of the digestive system?
The main organs that make up the digestive system (in order of their function) are the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus. Helping them along the way are the pancreas, gall bladder and liver. Here’s how these organs work together in your digestive system.
What are the 5 steps of digestion?
The five steps which occur in the process of nutrition in animals are Ingestion, digestion, absorption, assimilation, and egestion. Ingestion is the process the food is taken inside through mouth and broken down by teeth and initial digestion takes place in the mouth by saliva.
Which part of the body does digestion start in?
Digestion begins in the mouth. The food is ground up by the teeth and moistened with saliva to make it easy to swallow. Saliva also has a special chemical, called an enzyme, which starts breaking down carbohydrates into sugars.
What is peristaltic waves?
Peristalsis is a series of wave-like muscle contractions that move food through the digestive tract. It starts in the esophagus where strong wave-like motions of the smooth muscle move balls of swallowed food to the stomach. The motion mixes and shifts the chyme back and forth.
What is a major function of pancreatic juice?
During digestion, your pancreas makes pancreatic juices called enzymes. These enzymes break down sugars, fats, and starches. Your pancreas also helps your digestive system by making hormones. These are chemical messengers that travel through your blood.
Which is not a function of CCK?
Cholecystokinin does not increase stomach acid production, but participates in gallbladder stimulation bile release, open hepatopancreatic sphincter and increase production of pancreatic juice.
What are the 10 steps of the digestive system in order?
The digestive processes are ingestion, propulsion, mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, absorption, and defecation. Some chemical digestion occurs in the mouth.
What’s the process of absorption?
The process of absorption means that a substance captures and transforms energy. The absorbent distributes the material it captures throughout whole and adsorbent only distributes it through the surface. The process of gas or liquid which penetrate into the body of adsorbent is commonly known as absorption.
What are the 2 types of digestion?
Digestion is a form of catabolism or breaking down of substances that involves two separate processes: mechanical digestion and chemical digestion. Mechanical digestion involves physically breaking down food substances into smaller particles to more efficiently undergo chemical digestion.