Question: Digestion Of Which Of The Following Would Be Affected The Most If The Liver Were Severely Damaged?

What would happen if the liver were severely damaged?

When the liver is severely damaged, such as in liver failure, it can’t continue to process nutrients from the blood that the body must have. Without aggressive medical care, the absence of these essential liver functions can result in signs of serious illness like brain damage and coma.

Which of the following enzymes would be most likely to digest proteins?

Of these five components, pepsin is the principal enzyme involved in protein digestion. It breaks down proteins into smaller peptides and amino acids that can be easily absorbed in the small intestine.

How digestion would be affected if pancreas is severed?

Problems with the pancreas can affect the whole body. If the pancreas does not produce enough digestive enzymes, for example, food will not be properly absorbed. This can lead to weight loss and diarrhea.

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Which of the following is a factor that helps protect the stomach lining from damage?

The mucus protects the gastric mucosa from autodigestion by e.g. pepsin and from erosion by acids and other caustic materials that are ingested. Bicarbonate ions, secreted by the surface epithelial cells. The bicarbonate ions act to neutralize harsh acids.

Can you live without a liver?

You can’t live without a working liver. If your liver stops working properly, you may need a transplant. A liver transplant may be recommended if you have end-stage liver disease (chronic liver failure).

How do you keep your liver healthy?

13 Ways to a Healthy Liver

  1. Maintain a healthy weight.
  2. Eat a balanced diet.
  3. Exercise regularly.
  4. Avoid toxins.
  5. Use alcohol responsibly.
  6. Avoid the use of illicit drugs.
  7. Avoid contaminated needles.
  8. Get medical care if you’re exposed to blood.

What are the 4 main digestive enzymes?

The pancreas produces the key digestive enzymes of amylase, protease, and lipase.

How do you know if you are not digesting protein?

Symptoms of protein malabsorption include indigestion, gas, bloating, acid reflux, GERD, constipation, diarrhea, malabsorption, nutrient deficiencies, hypoglycemia, depression, anxiety, trouble building muscle, ligament laxity.

What organ is the site of initial protein digestion?

Mechanical digestion of protein begins in the mouth and continues in the stomach and small intestine. Chemical digestion of protein begins in the stomach and ends in the small intestine. The body recycles amino acids to make more proteins.

What causes pancreatic blockage?

Potential causes of pancreatic ductal obstruction include: (1) anatomical congenital variations of the biliopancreatic ductal system; (2) acquired obstructive conditions at the level of major/minor papilla, the level of the main pancreatic duct (MPD), or the level of the duodenal wall; (3) pancreatic sphincter of Oddi

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What are the symptoms of your pancreas not working properly?

Symptoms of chronic pancreatitis Constant pain in your upper belly that radiates to your back. This pain may be disabling. Diarrhea and weight loss because your pancreas isn’t releasing enough enzymes to break down food. Upset stomach and vomiting.

What happens if the pancreatic duct is cut?

Pancreatic juices may not reach the duodenum if the duct or papilla is blocked, or if the pancreas is so damaged by disease that it cannot produce adequate bicarbonate and enzymes. Lack of pancreatic juices results in inadequate digestion.

What protects the inner lining of the stomach from the action of HCl?

In the stomach several mucosal defence mechanisms protect the stomach against hydrochloric acid and noxious agents. The pre-epithelial protection is made up by the mucus-bicarbonate barrier. Mucus and bicarbonate, secreted by mucus cells, create a pH gradient maintaining the epithelial cell surface at near neutral pH.

What will happen if the stomach lining is damaged?

Weakness in your stomach lining allows digestive juices to damage and inflame it, causing gastritis. Having a thin or damaged stomach lining raises your risk for gastritis. A gastrointestinal bacterial infection can also cause gastritis. The most common bacterial infection that causes it is Helicobacter pylori.

What stimulates the gastric phase?

Gastric secretion is stimulated chiefly by three chemicals: acetylcholine (ACh), histamine, and gastrin. Below pH of 2, stomach acid inhibits the parietal cells and G cells; this is a negative feedback loop that winds down the gastric phase as the need for pepsin and HCl declines.

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