Quick Answer: Match Each Macromolecule Below With The Monomer(s) To Which It Is Broken Down By Chemical Digestion?

Which macromolecules are broken down in the digestive system?

Chemical Digestion of Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic Acids. The chemical breakdown of the macromolecules contained in food is completed by various enzymes produced in the digestive system.

What type of macromolecules are broken up by bile?

Bile aids in the digestion of lipids, primarily triglycerides by emulsification. Emulsification is a process in which large lipid globules are broken down into several small lipid globules.

Why is it necessary that macromolecules are broken down into monomers in the digestive system?

They must first be broken down into simpler monomer units prior to absorption into the body. It is important to review the basic chemistry of polymers and monomers in order to be able to understand the need for chemical digestion, and the role each type of enzyme plays in the process.

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Which enzymes are responsible for the chemical breakdown of carbohydrates?

Saliva releases an enzyme called amylase, which begins the breakdown process of the sugars in the carbohydrates you’re eating.

Which macromolecule is broken down most quickly by the body?

Simple carbohydrates: Various forms of sugar, such as glucose and sucrose (table sugar), are simple carbohydrates. They are small molecules, so they can be broken down and absorbed by the body quickly and are the quickest source of energy.

How are fats broken down in the body?

Most of the body’s digestive enzymes are water-based, so the body has to use special enzymes to break down fat throughout the digestive tract. The body begins breaking down fat in the mouth, using enzymes in saliva. Chewing increases the surface area of foods, allowing the enzymes to break down food more effectively.

Which organ is responsible for creating bile?

The liver produces bile, which is stored in the gall bladder. During digestion, bile is released to help emulsify fats for digestion. The spleen is part of the lymphatic system, and is not involved in digestion.

What chemical breaks up large fat droplets?

10. Bile is a substance that breaks up fat particles. Bile flows from the liver into the gallbladder, the organ that stores bile. After you eat, bile passes through a tube from the gallbladder into the small intestine.

How is bread broken down in the digestive system?

Bread is rich in complex carbohydrates, particularly starch which is predominantly digested in the small intestine where it is broken down to its constituent glucose monosaccharide units.

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What body parts break down waste?

The body then absorbs these smaller molecules through the walls of the small intestine into the bloodstream, which delivers them to the rest of the body. Waste products of digestion pass through the large intestine and out of the body as a solid matter called stool.

What food stays in your stomach the longest?

Foods heavy in carbohydrates empty fastest, followed by high-protein foods. Meals with a high triglyceride content remain in the stomach the longest. Since enzymes in the small intestine digest fats slowly, food can stay in the stomach for 6 hours or longer when the duodenum is processing fatty chyme.

What are the 4 monomers?

There are four main types of monomer, including sugars, amino acids, fatty acids, and nucleotides. Each of these monomer types play important roles in the existence and development of life, and each one can be synthesized abiotically.

What is the enzyme that breaks down protein?

Protease enzymes break down proteins into amino acids. Digestion of proteins in the stomach is helped by stomach acid, which is strong hydrochloric acid.

Which enzyme S is are responsible for the chemical breakdown of carbohydrates quizlet?

Which enzyme(s) is/are responsible for the chemical breakdown of carbohydrates? Amylases hydrolyze carbohydrate chains.

What enzyme breaks down fat?

Lipase – pronounced “lie-pace” – this enzyme breaks down fats.

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