- 1 What are the 3 phases of digestion?
- 2 What happens in the cephalic phase?
- 3 What are the four phases of digestion?
- 4 What are 2 types of digestion?
- 5 What triggers digestion?
- 6 What triggers the cephalic phase?
- 7 What stimulates the gastric phase?
- 8 What are the phases of gastric juice?
- 9 What are the 14 parts of the digestive system?
- 10 How is food digested step by step?
- 11 What is digestion absorption?
- 12 What does peristalsis feel like?
- 13 Where does peristalsis occur in the digestive tract quizlet?
- 14 What are the two main functions of peristalsis?
What are the 3 phases of digestion?
The process of gastric secretion can be divided into three phases ( cephalic, gastric, and intestinal ) that depend upon the primary mechanisms that cause the gastric mucosa to secrete gastric juice.
What happens in the cephalic phase?
During the cephalic phase, gastric acid and pepsinogen secretion is activated by the thought, sight or smell of food, and by food in the mouth. The mechanisms of control of gastric secretion during the cephalic phase are summarized in Figure 4.11. Emotions also influence gastric secretion.
What are the four phases of digestion?
The digestive system is composed of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (or colon), rectum, and anus. There are four steps in the digestion process: ingestion, the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food, nutrient absorption, and elimination of indigestible food.
What are 2 types of digestion?
Digestion is a form of catabolism or breaking down of substances that involves two separate processes: mechanical digestion and chemical digestion. Mechanical digestion involves physically breaking down food substances into smaller particles to more efficiently undergo chemical digestion.
What triggers digestion?
The digestive process starts in your mouth when you chew. Your salivary glands make saliva, a digestive juice, which moistens food so it moves more easily through your esophagus into your stomach. Saliva also has an enzyme that begins to break down starches in your food.
What triggers the cephalic phase?
The cephalic phase of gastric secretion is initiated by the sight, smell, thought or taste of food. Neurological signals originate from the cerebral cortex and in the appetite centers of the amygdala and hypothalamus. This enhanced secretory activity is a conditioned reflex.
What stimulates the gastric phase?
Gastric secretion is stimulated chiefly by three chemicals: acetylcholine (ACh), histamine, and gastrin. Below pH of 2, stomach acid inhibits the parietal cells and G cells; this is a negative feedback loop that winds down the gastric phase as the need for pepsin and HCl declines.
What are the phases of gastric juice?
Gastric secretion occurs in three phases: cephalic, gastric, and intestinal. During each phase, the secretion of gastric juice can be stimulated or inhibited.
What are the 14 parts of the digestive system?
The main organs that make up the digestive system (in order of their function) are the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus. Helping them along the way are the pancreas, gall bladder and liver. Here’s how these organs work together in your digestive system.
How is food digested step by step?
Your digestive system, from beginning … to end
- Step 1: Mouth. To more easily absorb different foods, your saliva helps break down what you’re eating and turn it into chemicals called enzymes.
- Step 2: Esophagus.
- Step 3: Stomach.
- Step 4: Small Intestine.
- Step 5: Large Intestine, Colon, Rectum and Anus.
What is digestion absorption?
Absorption. The simple molecules that result from chemical digestion pass through cell membranes of the lining in the small intestine into the blood or lymph capillaries. This process is called absorption.
What does peristalsis feel like?
Peristalsis is a series of wave-like muscle contractions that move food through the digestive tract. It starts in the esophagus where strong wave-like motions of the smooth muscle move balls of swallowed food to the stomach.
Where does peristalsis occur in the digestive tract quizlet?
Where in the digestive system does peristalsis occur? esophagus and small intestine.
What are the two main functions of peristalsis?
Peristalsis Creates Propulsion: How Food Moves Through the Alimentary Canal
- The Epiglottis Directs Swallowed Foodstuffs Down the Esophagus.
- Peristalsis Is the Contraction of Muscle Tissue That Helps Move and Break Down Foodstuffs.
- Peristaltic Waves Move Nutrients and Waste Through the Intestines.