- 1 Why does lipase turn pink with litmus?
- 2 Why is phenol red used to detect digestion of triglycerides?
- 3 What role does phenol red play?
- 4 What was the purpose of the bile salts in the lipid digestion experiment quizlet?
- 5 Which tube has the highest lipase activity?
- 6 Which part has the most lipase activity?
- 7 Why does pH change when lipid is digested?
- 8 Is bile alkaline or acidic?
- 9 Why does chewing food speed up digestion?
- 10 What causes color change in phenol red?
- 11 What does it mean when phenol red turns pink?
- 12 What is the function of phenol red quizlet?
- 13 What effect does bile have on lipid digestion?
- 14 What effect does bile have on lipid digestion quizlet?
- 15 Why do lipids pose special problems for digestion?
Why does lipase turn pink with litmus?
Litmus cream contains fat and a litmus powder indicator. The indicator is blue in the presence of fat but turns pink if lipase hydrolyzes the fat into fatty acids. The free fatty acids lower the pH and the solution turns from blue to pink when the pH is acid.
Why is phenol red used to detect digestion of triglycerides?
You will use phenol red to observe changes in pH that result from the acidity of the fatty acids that are formed as the triglycerides in cream are digested forming fatty acids and glycerol. The more enzyme activity, the more fatty acids, the more acid (lower pH), the more “yellow” the tube will become.
What role does phenol red play?
Phenol red is a water-soluble dye used as a pH indicator, changing from yellow to red over pH 6.6 to 8.0, and then turning a bright pink color above pH 8.1. As such, phenol red can be used as a pH indicator dye in various medical and cell biology tests.
What was the purpose of the bile salts in the lipid digestion experiment quizlet?
This fluid contains pancreatic enzymes to help with digestion and bicarbonate to neutralize stomach acid as it enters the small intestine. Bile salt is used to emulsify fats. Breaks down large molecules into smaller ones to aid in absorption.
Which tube has the highest lipase activity?
Predict Question: Which tube do you think will have the highest lipase activity? Your answer: tube 3 (lipase, deionized water, bile salts, pH 9.0 buﬀer).
Which part has the most lipase activity?
Most lipases act at a specific position on the glycerol backbone of a lipid substrate (A1, A2 or A3)(small intestine).
Why does pH change when lipid is digested?
Linking this back in with lipids, as the fats and oils present in the milk are hydrolysed to the fatty acids and glycerol, the hydrogen ion concentration of the surrounding solution increases, and therefore the pH of the solution decreases.
Is bile alkaline or acidic?
Bile is not acid. It’s an alkaline fluid consisting of bile salts, bile pigments, cholesterol and lecithin. It is produced by the liver, stored in the gallbladder and released intermittently into the duodenum, the upper part of the small intestine, when needed to digest fat.
Why does chewing food speed up digestion?
But the entire digestive process starts in your mouth, with chewing. When you chew your food, it gets broken down into smaller pieces which are easier to digest. When mixed with saliva, chewing allows your body to extract the greatest possible amount of nutrients from the food you eat.
What causes color change in phenol red?
With an increase in pH (pKa=1.2) the excess proton in the ketone group is lost, resulting in a yellow color. Further increases in pH (pKa=7.7) causes a loss of the hydrogen from the hydroxyl group resulting in a red color. The ratio of these three moieties enables phenol red to be used as a pH indicator dye.
What does it mean when phenol red turns pink?
What is happening in the Phenol Red Broth, when the microorganism turns it a yellow color and there is an air bubble in the inverted test tube? Sugar has been fermented to acid and gas has been produced. A pink color in the Phenol Red broth indicates the microorganism does not have the ability to
What is the function of phenol red quizlet?
Terms in this set (15) What is the function of phenol red broth? Phenol red broths are used to determine if a bacterium can ferment a particular sugar, and if it does ferment, if acid or acid and gas are produced.
What effect does bile have on lipid digestion?
Below are the important functions of bile. When digesting fats, bile acts as an emulsifier to break the large fat globules into smaller emulsion droplets. Emulsified fats provide a larger area for the fat-digesting enzymes (lipase) to act, making the process quicker. Bile acts as a good solvent.
What effect does bile have on lipid digestion quizlet?
Bile salts. Bile salts emulsify lipids to increase their surface area for pancreatic lipase enzyme action in water – it can only act at the oil/water interface so splitting into small drops in suspension (emulsifying) and stabilising the lipid throughout the water solution increases this surface area contact.
Why do lipids pose special problems for digestion?
Why do lipids pose special problems for digestion? Lipids are not water-soluble/poorly soluble so they aren’t easily digestible. Bile is a physical process which breaks up fats so there is more surface area for lipase to work on digesting fats.