Which Organelle Plays A Role In Intracellular Digestion Quizlet?

Which organelle plays a role in intracellular digestion?

The primary sites of intracellular digestion are organelles known as the lysosomes, which are membrane-bounded compartments containing a variety of hydrolytic enzymes.

Which organelle plays a role in intracellular digestion which organelle plays a role in intracellular digestion lysosome ribosome Golgi apparatus Plasmodesma chloroplast?

Lysosomes is known as suicidal bag as it has the ability to digest its own protein. They plays an important role in intracellular digestion as they have the acidic environment and enzymes that can digest the content of its own cell.

Which of these organelles carries out the synthesis of membrane phospholipids?

The ER and Golgi apparatus together constitute the endomembrane compartment in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells. The endomembrane compartment is a major site of lipid synthesis, and the ER is where not only lipids are synthesized, but membrane-bound proteins and secretory proteins are also made.

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Which organelle plays a role in sorting and modification of proteins?

Sorting, tagging, packaging, and distribution of lipids and proteins takes place in the Golgi apparatus (also called the Golgi body), a series of flattened membranes.

What organelles are involved with digestion?

Lysosomes are membrane-enclosed organelles that contain an array of enzymes capable of breaking down all types of biological polymers—proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids.

What is the main function of the Golgi apparatus?

​Golgi Body A Golgi body, also known as a Golgi apparatus, is a cell organelle that helps process and package proteins and lipid molecules, especially proteins destined to be exported from the cell. Named after its discoverer, Camillo Golgi, the Golgi body appears as a series of stacked membranes.

What is the main function of ribosome?

Ribosomes have two main functions — decoding the message and the formation of peptide bonds. These two activities reside in two large ribonucleoprotein particles (RNPs) of unequal size, the ribosomal subunits. Each subunit is made of one or more ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) and many ribosomal proteins (r-proteins).

What is the relationship between the Golgi apparatus and the plasma membrane?

What is the relationship between the Golgi apparatus and the plasma membrane? The finished products of the Golgi apparatus may leave the cell through vesicles that fuse with the plasma membrane. – The Golgi apparatus modifies chemicals received from the endoplasmic reticulum.

Which organelle is responsible for protein synthesis?

Ribosomes. Ribosomes are the protein factories of the cell.

What organelle makes proteins?

Proteins are assembled at organelles called ribosomes. When proteins are destined to be part of the cell membrane or exported from the cell, the ribosomes assembling them attach to the endoplasmic reticulum, giving it a rough appearance.

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Which organelles are responsible for the movement in and of the cell?

Chapter 11 The Cytoskeleton and Cell Movement In addition to playing this structural role, the cytoskeleton is responsible for cell movements. These include not only the movements of entire cells, but also the internal transport of organelles and other structures (such as mitotic chromosomes) through the cytoplasm.

What transports proteins in a cell?

The Golgi apparatus transports and modifies proteins in eukaryotic cells. The Golgi apparatus is the central organelle mediating protein and lipid transport within the eukaryotic cell.

How does the Golgi apparatus sort proteins?

Proteins are sorted into the regulated secretory pathway in the trans Golgi network, where they are packaged into specialized secretory vesicles. These secretory vesicles, which are larger than other transport vesicles, store their contents until specific signals direct their fusion with the plasma membrane.

How proteins are transported into various organelles?

From the endoplasmic reticulum, proteins are transported in vesicles to the Golgi apparatus, where they are further processed and sorted for transport to lysosomes, the plasma membrane, or secretion from the cell.

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